This month in history


Alicia Govea, Editor

  1. On October 2nd 1869 Mohandas Gandhi the political and spiritual leader of India’s independence movement was born.
  2. Portugal established a republic government after a successful rebellion against King Manuel II on October 5th 1910.
  3. After his 33-day voyage in search of a route to Asia, explorer Christopher Columbus landed on the Bahamas which he named El Salvador in honor of the Spanish Crown. This took place on October 12th 1492/
  4. Two events that took place on October 13th. First, which was the poisoning Roman Emperor Claudius orchestrated by his wife, Empress Agrippina in 54 A.D. Approximately 1,889 years later, the Second Continental Congress established the U.S Navy.
  5. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15th 1844 and is known for his declaration “God is dead” and his prediction of “There will be wars such as there have never been on Earth.”
  6. King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes that allowed religious tolerance to non-Catholic Christians on October 18th 1685
  7. The United Nations was founded October 24th 1945.
  8. The first of the Federalist Papers written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay were published on October 27th 1787 in order to gain support for the U.S. Constitution,
  9. The Cuban Missile Crisis ended by announcement of Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev which resulted in President Kennedy immediately accepting the offer. The blockade placed on Cuba was lifted.
  10. In order to prevent a revolution in Russia, Tsar Nicholas II instituted the Duma, a government that allowed civil liberties and legislative powers.
  11. October 31st is known as Halloween but derived from All Hallows Eve. This is an ancient celebration of Christian All Saints Day and pagan autumn festivals.